1998 Evaluation of Winter and Spring Spelt for grain yield
and agronomic traits

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Blueball.gif (370 bytes)   Project Personnel

G.F. Stallknecht, Moccasin, MT
H. Lafever, Breeder, Wooster, OH
K. Konzak, Breeder, Pullman, WA
P. Hucl, Breeder, Univ. Sask. Saskatoon, Sask. Canada
D. Stinchcomb, Purity Foods, Okemos, MI
R.L. Murphy, Agricultural Research Specialist, Moccasin, MT
J. Vavrovsky, Agricultural Research Specialist, Moccasin, MT

Blueball.gif (370 bytes)    Objectives

To identify winter and spring adapted spelt varieties, germplasm, and plant introduction (PI) accessions from the germplasm center in Aberdeen, Idaho, for yield and agronomic quality traits for livestock and human food use.

Blueball.gif (370 bytes)     Results and Discussion

Winter spelt

Spelt yields on re-crop (Table 2) averaged 28 bushel less than on fallow (Table 1). Spelt yields ranged from 4782 to 1904 lb/a on fallow compared to 2943 to 1529 lb/a on re-crop. The higher yielding spelt entries on both fallow and re-crop included the germplasm selection from Dr. Hal Lafever’s program. The higher yielding entries also included the Dover Sindelar Montana landrace selection, and numerous accessions. In particular, the PI accessions 148159 and 355618 Braunshweise have been consistent high yielders and expressed winter hardiness over six years of evaluation. Both PI accessions have also been among the highest forage producers. Winter spelt grain trials will be continued with emphasis on the high yielding, lodging resistant selections, which will be screened for winter hardiness adaptation limitations throughout Montana.

Spring spelt

Table 3 compares the spring adapted winter spelts to spring oats, wheat, and barley. Lewis spring barley significantly out-yielded all spring spelt entries. While the spring oat and spring wheat yields were higher than the spelt entries, their yields were not significantly different from the majority of the spelt selections. The 1998 yield results are similar to the yield results observed in the previous three years. All the PI accessions obtained from the U.S. germplasm center evaluated in this trial are grown as winter types in the warmer regions of south eastern Europe.

 

 

 

 

Table 1. Evaluation of Winter Spelt lines grown on fallow ground. Central Agricultural Research Center. Moccasin, MT. 1998

Grain

Lodging

Heading

Plant

Variety/Line

Yield

Score

Date

Height

(lbs/a)

(0-9)

(Julian1/)

(in.)


1023-89-25

4782

1.0

172

44

SAVA

4557

1.0

166

39

PI347888-69Z6-405W

4517

0.7

168

34

PI355618 BRAUNSHWE

4381

1.7

181

51

SINDELAR WHITE

4276

3.3

179

51

27290RA,R3-18

4194

1.0

170

44

MAVERICK

4178

1.3

165

41

CHAMP

4105

1.7

174

49

PI348157-69Z6320-6

4101

8.3

177

49

TIBER

4093

0.3

164

39

PI348337-69Z6508-B

4051

1.0

174

52

SAM

3929

0.3

171

39

WK85031-1

3872

2.0

168

42

PI348159 GER

3866

6.0

178

52

SINDELAR MIX

3852

4.7

180

52

SAMMY

3832

0.0

165

38

ROQUIN

3825

2.3

176

48

TORA

3815

0.0

172

37

SP949

3794

8.7

174

47

PI348145 GER

3689

3.7

178

48

PI348148 GER

3669

2.0

177

51

WK86025-28

3664

0.7

168

43

GR900

3605

1.3

175

49

PI355647 STRICKHOF

3585

2.0

175

50

PI355650 SPELTA 44

3584

1.3

177

53

PI347871

3565

1.7

180

52

PI348234 GER

3545

4.0

185

46

ALT-GOLD

3473

2.0

176

52

PI148180 BROWN

3437

5.3

180

50

PI355646 ROTHENBURG

3364

1.3

176

50

PI348297 GER

3317

2.0

182

50

PI348180

3269

2.3

176

53

PI355613

3217

1.3

179

52

SINDELAR DARK

3208

2.3

175

50

PI347878 SWIT

3189

2.3

181

52

PI355613 GER

3052

1.3

178

51

PI348264

3044

3.7

176

48

OBERKULMER

2965

1.7

176

53

PI355605 VOCNWALDE

2941

2.0

177

51

PI348131 GER

2926

2.0

179

54

PI355609 BANGERTER

2881

1.7

172

50

CANADA BULK

2736

1.3

178

52

PI355644 BATTING NI

2620

2.0

174

52

PI355703 FORAGE

1904

5.3

180

57


Experimental Means

3602

2.3

175.1

48.2

F-Value for Var. (df = 43)

3.8**

10.7**

13.9**

14.4**

CV 1: (S/Mean)*100

14.2

44.4

1.3

5.0

LSD (0.05)

832

1.7

3.7

3.9


1/ Number of days from Jan. 1 (170 = June 19).
** Denotes Statistical Significance at P<= 0.01.
Planted: 9/24/1997
Harvested: information not available.
Fertilizer: 90# N as Urea, pre-plant incorporated.
Growing Season Precipitation (April – July): 9.35" – 90 year avg.: 8.69"

 

 

 

Table 2. Evaluation of Winter Spelt lines on re-crop ground. Central Agricultural Research Center. Moccasin, MT. 1998.

Grain

Heading

Plant

Variety/Line

Yield

Date

Height

(lbs/a)

(Julian1/)

(in.)


PI348159 GER

2943

180

41

PI348145 GER

2942

181

38

PI348157-69Z6320-6

2668

180

42

PI355605 VOCNWALDE

2664

179

43

SP949

2628

179

41

MAVERICK

2626

168

38

PI148180 BROWN

2610

181

42

1023-89-25

2576

173

39

PI355618 BRAUNSHWE

2565

182

43

PI347871

2553

181

42

SINDELAR MIX

2527

182

46

PI348337-69Z6508-B

2499

180

42

WK85031-1

2492

169

38

PI348234 GER

2471

183

38

WK86025-28

2460

171

39

TIBER

2403

168

37

CHAMP

2280

175

40

SAVA

2277

170

37

SINDELAR DARK

2263

176

42

PI355650 SPELTA 44

2239

179

46

PI347878 SWIT

2238

180

41

27290RA,R3-18

2237

172

38

GR900

2228

178

42

PI348148 GER

2228

179

41

PI355613 GER

2227

180

44

SINDELAR WHITE

2226

181

45

TORA

2141

174

33

PI348264

2124

179

42

PI355644 BATTING NI

2115

177

44

CANADA BULK

2104

179

40

PI347888-69Z6-405W

2100

172

25

ALT-GOLD

2092

178

42

ROQUIN

2072

178

41

SAMMY

2053

167

32

SAM

2020

176

37

PI355647 STRICKHOF

2005

177

44

PI355613

1992

180

42

PI348131 GER

1874

180

43

PI355646 ROTHENBURG

1856

179

45

OBERKULMER

1829

178

45

PI348180

1809

178

44

PI348297 GER

1682

182

44

PI355703 FORAGE

1663

184

46

PI355609 BANGERTER

1529

178

43


Experimental Means

2253

177.3

40.8

F-Value for Var. (df = 43)

4.0**

12.8**

8.3**

CV 1: (S/Mean)*100

12.5

1.2

5.9

LSD (0.05)

456

3.4

3.9

1/ Number of days from Jan. 1 (170 = June 19).
** Denotes Statistical Significance at P<= 0.01.
Planted: 9/24/1997
Harvested: Information not available.
Fertilizer: 60# N
Growing Season Precipitation (April – July): 9.35" – 90 year avg.: 8.69"

 

 

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Table 3. 1998 Spring Spelt Evaluation. Central Agricultural Research Center.Moccasin, MT. 1998

Grain

Heading

Plant

Lodging

Entry

Variety/Line

Yield

Date

Height

Score

(lbs/a)

(Julian)1/

(in.)

(0-9)


2

Lewis Barley

3067

183

36

1.3

1

Otana Oats

2472

186

45

1.3

3

Newana Spring Wheat

2368

186

33

0.0

22

PI348633

2070

193

52

2.3

19

PI348498

1876

193

52

1.7

20

PI348593

1843

192

50

1.0

23

PI348766

1805

192

51

1.3

16

PI348688

1763

192

50

1.7

17

PI348760

1752

193

48

2.3

14

PI348450

1744

192

48

1.0

5

PI348756

1733

190

49

1.7

25

PI348444

1638

191

49

2.0

12

PI348436

1634

194

47

2.3

21

PI348763

1598

193

50

2.7

26

PI348671

1582

192

49

2.0

15

PI348755

1572

194

48

1.7

6

PI355580 – Awnless

1548

195

48

1.3

18

PI348486

1546

192

49

2.7

8

PI348769

1493

191

49

1.7

7

PI190962 - Awnless

1460

195

48

1.3

10

PI348778

1443

193

46

2.7

11

PI348582

1441

193

50

1.7

13

PI348636

1437

193

47

1.7

28

PI348733

1367

194

47

2.7

24

PI348757

1331

192

49

1.3

9

PI348571

1326

190

50

1.3

27

PI348680

1246

194

45

1.7

4

BAVARIA

1170

194

44

4.0


Experimental Means

1690

191.9

47.5

1.8

F- Value for Var. (df = 27)

1.9*

60.5**

9.3**

3.6**

CV 1: (S/Mean)*100

30.1

0.3

5.0

37.7

LSD (0.05)

832

0.98

3.9

1.1


1/ Number of days from Jan. 1 (190 = July 9)
** Denotes Statistical Significance at P<= 0.01.
* Denotes Statistical Significance at P<= 0.05.
Planted: 4/22/1998
Harvested: Information not available.
Fertilizer: 60# N as Urea broadcast and incorporated.
Growing Season Precipitation (April – July): 9.35" – 90 year avg.: 8.69"

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